International Results

Drug treatment courts were first established in the United States in the late 1980’s and have now been established either permanently or on a trial basis in Canada, Australia, Jamaica, Bermuda, Ireland, Scotland, England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Ireland, Chile, Brazil, Belgium, Norway, New Zealand, Mauritius, Mexico and Surinam – EURAD-Europe Against Drugs.


Since the inception of US Drug Courts 20 years ago, Drug Courts are found to be more effective than jail and are better than probation and treatment alone. Drug Courts significantly reduce drug use and crime and are more cost-effective than any other proven criminal justice strategy.

Nationwide, 75% of Drug Court graduates remain arrest-free at least two years after leaving the program.

Rigorous studies examining long-term outcomes of individual US Drug Courts have found that reductions in crime last at least 3 years and up to over 14 years.

For every $1.00 invested in Drug Court, taxpayers save as much as $3.36 in avoided criminal justice costs.

Drug Courts are six times more likely to keep offenders in treatment long enough for them to get better.

Children of Family Drug Court participants spend significantly less time in out-of-home placements such as foster care.

For more information visit NADCP


“Establishing Drug Treatment Courts: Strategies, Experiences and Preliminary Outcomes”

The survey was done by the School of Public Affairs, American University, the Justice Programs Office; Commissioned and published by Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), of the Organization of American States (OAS) April 2010 and funded by the European Commission under the EULAC project. The report was published at the Lugo Conference of that project.


The Drug Court (Treatment and Rehabilitation of Offenders) Act was passed in 1999. The Drug Court came into operation in 2001. A pilot project, with one court based at the Resident Magistrate Court in Montego Bay and the other in Kingston. Both the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Justice are responsible for the operation of the Drug Court. The Jamaican Drug Court is based on the Canadian model.

Recommendations have been for the expansion of the Drug Court based on the positive evaluations carried out to date. Unfortunately the pilot project is still in place because of financial constraints.

For more information visit NADCP